Hadhrat Abu Bakr's (Radhiyallahu anhu) Daily Allowance
from the Bait-ul Mal
Hadhrat Abu Bakr's (Radhiyallahu anhu) Daily Allowance from the
Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiyallaho anho) was a cloth merchant and lived
by that trade. On the death of the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam),
people selected him as the Khalifah. Next day with some cloth slung
on his arms, he was proceeding to the market as usual when 'Umar
(Radhiyallaho anho) met him in the way. 'Umar: "Where are you
going to, Abu Bakr?" Abu Bakr: "To the market".
'Umar: "If you get busy with your trade, who will carry out
the duties of the caliphate?"
Abu Bakr: "How am I to feed my family then?"
'Umar: "Let's go to Abu 'Ubaidah (In charge of
Bait-ul-Mal), who will fix some daily allowance for you from the
They both went to Abu 'Ubaidah (Radhiyallaho anho).
He fixed for Abu Bakr an allowance equal to that usually paid to
an average Muhajir. Once Abu Bakr's (Radhiyallaho anho) wife said
"I would like to have a sweet dish."
Abu Bakr: "I have no money to arrange for the dish."
His wife: "If you permit, I shall try to save something
daily from our allowance, which will some day make enough to enable
us to prepare the sweet dish."
He agreed. A little money was saved in many days. When his wife
brought him the money to make purchases for the sweet dish, he said:
"It seems that we have received so much over and above our
He deposited the saving in the Bait-ul-Mal and for the future got
his allowance cut down by the amount saved by his wife. Hadhrat
A'ishah (Radhiyallaho anha) narrates:
"When Abu Bakr (Radhiyallaho anho) was selected as Khalifah,
he said to the people: 'You well know that I live by trade, and
my income therefrom is sufficient to meet my expenses. Now I have
to devote my full time to the affairs of the state and therefore
my family allowance shall be paid from the 'Bait-ul-Mal."
Hadhrat A'ishah (Radhiyallaho anha) says:
"At the time of his death, Abu Bakr (Radhiyallaho anho)
directed me to hand over to his successor all that was issued
to him from the Bait-ul-Mal for his household needs.
It is said that Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiyallaho anho) left no cash
after him. Anas (Radhiyallaho anho) says:
"Abu Bakr (Radhiyallaho anho) left a milch she-camel, a bowl
and a servant."
According to some other narrators, he left a bedding also. When
all these were made over to 'Urnar (Radhiyallaho anho), his successor,
"May Allah be merciful to Abu Bakr! He has set a precedent
for his successors which is very hard to follow."
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