VIRTUES OF THE HOLY QUR'AAN
HADITH - 1
Hadhrat Uthman (Radhiyallaho anha] narrates that Ra-sulullah (Sallallaho
alaihe wasallam) said: "The best amongst you is he who learns
the Qur'an and teaches it." In most of the books, this hadith
is quoted with the word 'and* between 'learns' and 'teaches' as
above. Thus the greatest reward would be for him who learns the
Holy Qur'an and thereafter teaches it to others. But in some of
the books this 'hadith's is narrated with the word 'or', in which
case the meaning would be: "The best amongst you is he who
learns the Qur'an or-teaches it."
According to this version, the reward is general, i.e., equally
great whether one learns himself or teaches to others.
Thus there would be equal virtue for both.
The Qur'an is the basis of the religion of Islam, and on the preservation
and propagation of the Qur'an depends the very existence of this
faith. Hence the virtue of learning and teaching the Qur'an is self-evident
and does not need further elucidation.
There are, however, various degrees of excellence. The highest
is to learn the Qur'an along with its meanings and purport, and
the least is to learn its words only.
The hadith mentioned above is supported also by another saying
of Rasulullah (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) as reported by Hadhrat
Sa'eed ibn Saleem (Radhiyallaho anho): "If a person who has
acquired knowledge of the Holy Qur'an considers another person who
has been gifted with something else to be more fortunate than himself,
he has shown disrespect to the blessings of Allah bestowed on him
on account of his learning the Qur'an." It is evident that
since the Qur'an, being the Word of Allah, is superior to all other
discourses as mentioned in some of the Ahadith quoted later, its
reading and teaching must be superior to everything else.
Mulla Alt Qari quotes from another hadith that whoever acquires
the knowledge of Holy Qur'an stores the knowledge of Prophethood
in his forehead.
Sahl Tastari (Rahmatullah alaih) says that the proof of love for
Allah is the existence of love for the Word of Allah in one's heart.
In 'Sharhul Ihya, the list of people who will be given shelter
in the shade of the Arsh (Throne of Allah) on the fearful Day of
Judgment includes those persons who teach the Qur'an to the children
of Muslims and also those who learn the Holy Qur'an in their childhood
and are devoted to its recitation when grown up.
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