VIRTUES OF TABLIGH
SAYINGS OF THE HOLY PROPHET (SALLALLAHO ALAIHE WASALLAM) CONCERNING
In this chapter, I will quote certain sayings of the Holy Prophet
(Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) that explain the meaning of the above-mentioned
verses of the Holy Qur'an. It is not the intention to encompass
all the relevant ahaa-dith. If I quote all the verses and the ahaadith
on this subject, I fear no one will read them, for now-a-days people
hardly spare time for such things. So. to place before you how important
Tabligh is in the eyes of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam),
and what serious consequences follow from its neglect, I give below
a few sayings of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam):
It is reported by Abu Sa'eed Khudri (Radhiyallaho anho) that
the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) said: "Whoever
sees a forbidden thing being done, he must prevent it by the use
of his hand; and if he has no power for this action, then he should
prevent it with his tongue; and if he cannot do this even, then
he should at least consider it a vice in his heart, and this is
a very low level of one's faith."
In another hadith, it has been said that if a person can prevent
evil with his tongue then he should so prevent it; otherwise,
he should at least think it evil in his heart and thus stand exonerated.
Another hadith says that if anyone hates sin within his heart,
he is a true believer, but this is the weakest form of faith.
This topic has occurred in many other sayings of the Prophet.
Now think well how many Muslims there are who act upon this hadith
in a practical way. How many of us prevent evil forcibly, how
many with the tongue, and how many seriously hate it within our
heart? We have to take stock of ourselves on these issues.
It has been reported by Nu'maan bin Basheer (Radhiyallaho anho)
that the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) said: "There
are people who do not transgress the limits (laws) of Allah, and
there are others who do so. They are like two groups who boarded
a ship; one of them settled on the upper deck, and the other,
on the lower deck of the ship.
So, when the people of the lower deck needed water, they said:
'Why should we cause trouble to the people of the upper deck when
we can easily have plenty of water by making a hole in our deck.'
Now if the people of the upper deck do not prevent this group
from such foolishness, all of them will perish - but if they stop
them then they all will be saved." (Bukhari & Tirmizi)
Once the Companions of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam)
asked him: *'0 Messenger of Allah! (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam)
can we people be destroyed even when there are certain pious God-fearing
persons among us?" He answered: "Yes, when evil deeds
predominate in a society."
Nowadays the Muslims are generally anxious about the decline and
fall of this Ummah, and they suggest certain plans to stop this
decline, but they never consider as to what is the main cause of
our decline. They fail to identify the true reason of our spiritual
and moral decline, particularly when the proper remedy has been
told by Allah and the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam).
It is a pity that because of the wrong diagnosis, incorrect remedies,
including continued neglect of Tabligh, are leading to the further
decline of the Ummah. In fact, the main cause of our decline is
that we do not pay attention to Tabligh nor do we help those who
devote themselves to this sacred mission.
It has been reported by Ibn Mas'ood (Radhiyallaho anha) that
the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasal-lam) said: "The
decline and fall of Bani Israa-eel started thus: when the pious
among them saw certain sins being committed by the transgressors,
they forbade them from doing the same; but when the sinners did
not repent, the pious because of their relationship and friendship
continued to mix with them. So, when this state of affairs began
to prevail, Allah caused their hearts to be accursed in the same
manner." (i.e. the hearts were also affected with the disobedience
of the transgressors).
Then in support of this, the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe
wasallam) recited a verse of the Holy Qur'an, which says: 'The
disobedient and the transgressors among the Bani Israa-eel were
accursed by Allah.' On this, the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe
wasallam) emphatically instructed his Companions: "(To avoid
such decline) you people must enjoin upon others to do good deeds
and prevent them from doing forbidden things; you should restrain
every tyrant from tyranny and invite him towards truth and justice.*'
Another hadith says that the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam)
was reclining comfortably when, suddenly overcome with emotion,
he sat up and said: tt! swear by Allah that you people cannot attain
salvation, unless you prevent the tyrants from tyranny."
Another hadith says that the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam)
said: "You people must preach truth, and prevent the sinners
from doing forbidden things, and check the tyrants, to bring them
towards the right path, otherwise you will be accursed and your
hearts will be corrupted, just as Allah did with Bani Israa-eel."
The Holy Prophet (Sallal-laho alaihe wasallam) read certain relevant
verses of the Holy Qur'an to emphasize this subject. Bani Israa-eel
were condemned because among other things, they did not prevent
others from doing forbidden things.
Nowadays it is considered a virtue to be at peace with all, and
to please everyone on every occasion. They say it is a requirement
of good manners with the evildoers.
Obviously, this is a wrong policy, because at most there may be
some religious sanction for keeping quiet in extreme case, but never
for falling in line with the tyrants and transgressors. At the very
least, every one must instruct those people to do good whom he easily
can influence for instance: his subordinates, his servants, his
wife, his children, and his relations. In such circumstances, to
be absolutely silent about Tabligh is unpardonable before Allah.
Hadhrat Sufyaan Thowri says: "Whoever is very popular with
his relations and neighbours, we suspect him to be compromising
in preaching the true teachings of religion."
Numerous traditions say that when a sin is committed secretly,
its harm is generally limited to the sinner only; but when a sin
is committed openly, and those possessing the capability do not
prevent it, then it ultimately affects all the people around.
Now everyone can see for himself, how many sins are committed before
him every day, and he, in spite of having the power to prevent them
neglects to do so. And it is a pity that, if anyone gets up to put
the wrong down, the ignorant and shameless people oppose him instead
of co-operating with him.
Those who do wrong will come to know by what a great reverse they
will be overturned.
Hadhrat Jareer bin Abdullah (Radhiyallaho anho) says, "I heard
the Messenger of Allah (Sallallaho alaihe wa-sallam) saying: "When
a sin is committed before an individual or a group and they do not
prevent it, in spite of having the capability, then Allah inflicts
a severe punishment on them before their death.'' (Targheeb)
0 my friends who desire the improvement of Islam and the Muslims!
now you have clearly seen the causes of our decline. Not to speak
of strangers, we generally do not prevent even our own family and
our subordinates from wrong-doing.
We do not even make up our minds to prevent evil, much less doing
something practical about it. Whatever our own son does against
the Commandments of Allah, we do not check him even; but if he takes
some interest in politics, or mixes up in a certain political party,
we are seriously anxious not only about him, but about our own safety
and honour. Then we warn him and also think about some plans to
be safe and secure from any harm; but on the other hand, when he
transgresses against Allah's Commandments, we are never anxious
about the life in the Hereafter, and about the Reckoning of the
Day of Judgement.
Sometimes you know full well that your son is addicted to some
idle pursuits and is very lax in his prayers, but you have no courage
to prevent him from such habits, or to chastise him, although Allah
has clearly commanded you to be severe in uprooting such evils and
even sever relations with the transgressor.
There is many a father who would be angry with his son, because
he is lazy and does not attend to his studies or services or business
properly, but is there anyone who is angry with his son, because
he does not perform the fundamental observances of Islam?
As a matter of fact, the adverse effect of this negligence is not
limited to the great loss in the Hereafter but it is a pity this
evidently extends to our worldly affairs and interests also, which
are so dear to us. This blindness of ours is horrible, for Allah
"Whoever is blind in this world, he will be surely blind in
And such transgressors have taken leave of their senses because
"Allah has sealed up their hearts, and on
their ears and eyes there are veils (so they neither hear nor see
It has been reported by Hadhrat Anas (Radhiyal-laho
anho) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wa-sallam) said:
"So long as a person says "La ilaaha iilallaah"
(no one is worthy of worship but Allah), he receives spiritual
benefits, and is saved from miseries and calamities, unless he
neglects its rights." His Companions said: "0 Messenger
of Allah (Sallaho alaihe wasallam)! how are its rights neglected?"
He answered: "When sins are committed openly, and the person
who recites the kalimah does not prevent the sinners from wrongdoings."
Now you can yourself consider how very often sins are committed
during these times, yet there is no serious attempt to check or
prevent them. In such a dangerous and ungodly atmosphere, the very
existence of the Muslims in the world is a great blessing of Allah,
otherwise we are inviting ruination through all possible means.
Hadhrat Aa-ishah (Radhiyallaho anha) asked the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho
alaihe wasallam), "When the punishment of Allah befalls the
inhabitants of any locality, does it affect the pious, just as it
affects the guilty?" The Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam)
answered: "Yes, it does affect all of them in this world, but
at the Resurrection the pious will be separated from the guilty."
Therefore, those people who are simply satisfied with their own
piety, and do not participate in improving others should not rest
assured that they are safe from the punishment of the Almighty.
If any chastisement is inflicted by Allah, they too will be involved
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